Trigger finger, or stenosing tenosynovitis, manifests when inflammation affects the flexor tendons, leading to the development of nodules and constriction in the affected finger or thumb. This condition is notably prevalent in women aged 40-60, and while the exact cause remains unknown, certain factors contribute to its onset. Repetitive hand movements, such as gripping or grasping activities, can strain the tendons, while medical conditions like diabetes and arthritis, along with traumatic injuries, increase susceptibility.
The inflammatory response in the flexor tendons triggers the characteristic symptoms, including pain, stiffness, and a triggering sensation during movement. The condition may progress gradually or manifest suddenly, impacting the ability to bend or straighten the finger smoothly. The risk factors and symptoms underscore the need for a comprehensive understanding of trigger finger for effective diagnosis and tailored treatment.
Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and triggering sensations. Diagnosis involves a thorough physical exam and, if necessary, imaging studies like ultrasound or MRI.
Conventionally, non-surgical approaches are typically the initial focus. These include rest, splinting, and the application of ice or heat to alleviate inflammation. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed for pain relief, while physical therapy exercises aim to enhance finger and thumb mobility. In cases where conservative measures prove insufficient, corticosteroid injections into the tendon sheath are often considered to reduce inflammation. Surgical intervention, such as percutaneous release or open surgery, becomes an option for severe or persistent cases.
At Meeting Point Health, Dr. Matta’s goal is to help his patients find relief that lasts and keeps them out of the operating room. Each of our patients undergoes a comprehensive medical and physical evaluation to assess for and target the root cause. Then, a treatment plan will be tailored to the exact patient and situation utilizing regenerative therapies that rely on the body’s ability to heal. Some of these treatment modalities are listed below:
While trigger finger cannot always be prevented, certain lifestyle modifications can help reduce the risk of developing this condition. Avoiding repetitive hand motions or activities that involve prolonged gripping can minimize strain on the tendons. Taking regular breaks and practicing good ergonomics can also help prevent overuse injuries. Maintaining a healthy weight and managing chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes or arthritis, may further reduce the risk of trigger finger.
For individuals who have experienced trigger finger, long-term management is essential to prevent recurrence and maintain optimal hand function. Regular hand exercises and stretches can help maintain flexibility and prevent stiffness. It is important to listen to the body and avoid activities that cause discomfort or strain. If symptoms persist or worsen, prompt medical attention should be sought to prevent further complications. By implementing these management strategies, individuals can effectively manage trigger finger and minimize its impact on their daily lives.
To benefit from a comprehensive, regenerative approach to treating trigger finger , call Meeting Point Health today at 215.298.9928. You can also schedule a consultation by completing our online contact form at https://www.meetingpointhealth.com/contact-us/.
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